The central aim of the research is to better understand the causes of periods where the rate of global-mean surface temperature is increased or decreased at decadal time-scales compared with long term (multi-decadal) trends. The multi-disciplinary research team are seeking to understand both the slowdown in the rate of warming since the late 1990s and also earlier hiatus and surge events.
In May 2017 we held the second, annual, project-wide research meeting. This two-day gathering of SMURPHS teams was held at the National Oceanography Centre in Southampton and was attended by researchers from all 9 partner institutions. The event was kicked-off with a keynote presentation by SMURPHS Adviser Professor Matthew England, Deputy Director of Climate Change […]Read more
Global surface warming was slower than expected in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Might this have been due to ocean or atmosphere fluctuations as research suggests, or was it in fact due to something more subtle? In his ‘News and Views’ article in Nature Climate Change Principal Investigator (Reading), Richard Allan comments that, ‘ the […]Read more
The ocean plays a crucial role in the global energy budget as it is Earth’s primary heat reservoir on climate-relevant time scales. As such, variations in ocean heat content play a fundamental role in global and regional climate variability and the transient response to climate. In addition, ocean heat uptake is one of the major […]Read more
Defining ‘pre-industrial’ The UN Paris Agreement on climate change aims to ensure increases in global temperature are less than 2°C above ‘pre-industrial’ levels, with an aspirational 1.5°C limit. However, the ‘starting line’ of the pre-industrial era is not defined by the UN agreements, or by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). A new analysis […]Read more
New, detailed, radiative transfer calculations of greenhouse gas radiative forcing have been performed by Gunnar Myhre (a SMURPHS External Partner at the Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research – Oslo) in collaboration with the University of Reading (a member of the SMURPHS consortium). They show that the radiative forcing due to methane changes are […]Read more