The central aim of the research is to better understand the causes of periods where the rate of global-mean surface temperature is increased or decreased at decadal time-scales compared with long term (multi-decadal) trends. The multi-disciplinary research team are seeking to understand both the slowdown in the rate of warming since the late 1990s and also earlier hiatus and surge events.
New research led by the SMURPHS Investigator Professor Tim Osborn, Director of Research at the Climatic Research Unit at UEA, highlights how recent temperature changes have been notable at both global and UK scales, such as the rate of global warming in the early 2000s followed by record warmth in 2015 and 2016. This open […]Read more
In this new study, led by SMURPHS Co-Investigator Florian Sévellec, researchers looked at how melting Arctic sea-ice leads to a weakening of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), the ocean system responsible for the transport of heat from the Equator to high latitudes. The study demonstrates that positive buoyancy anomalies, resulting from increased ocean […]Read more
A new study led by SMURPHS researcher Jules Kajtar, published in Climate Dynamics, concludes that the variability of decadal trends in Pacific wind stress is under-represented in CMIP5 coupled models. The strengthening of the Pacific trade winds in recent decades has been unmatched in the observational record stretching back to the early twentieth century. This […]Read more
Recent research on aerosol-cloud interactions from volcanic eruptions will reduce uncertainty in climate model projections. An international team of climate scientists, including SMURPHS partners Reading and Leeds, studied the effects that the 2014-15 eruption at Holuhraun in Iceland had on cloud formations in the surrounding region, using this prolonged event to study how tiny aerosol particles […]Read more
In May 2017 we held the second, annual, project-wide research meeting. This two-day gathering of SMURPHS teams was held at the National Oceanography Centre in Southampton and was attended by researchers from all 9 partner institutions. The event was kicked-off with a keynote presentation by SMURPHS Adviser Professor Matthew England, Deputy Director of Climate Change […]Read more