Background

GoodGroup2Crop1The central aim of the research is to better understand the causes of periods where the rate of global-mean surface temperature is increased or decreased at decadal time-scales compared with long term (multi-decadal) trends. The multi-disciplinary research team are seeking to understand both the slowdown in the rate of warming since the late 1990s and also earlier hiatus and surge events.

Latest news

September 2017: New research study published in Nature Climate Change, ‘Arctic sea ice decline weakens the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

In this new study, led by SMURPHS Co-Investigator Florian Sévellec, researchers looked at how melting Arctic sea-ice leads to a weakening of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), the ocean system responsible for the transport of heat from the Equator to high latitudes.   The study demonstrates that positive buoyancy anomalies, resulting from increased ocean […]

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June 2017: New publication, ‘Model under-representation of decadal Pacific trade wind trends and its link to tropical Atlantic bias’

A new study led by SMURPHS researcher Jules Kajtar, published in Climate Dynamics, concludes that the variability of decadal trends in Pacific wind stress is under-represented in CMIP5 coupled models. The strengthening of the Pacific trade winds in recent decades has been unmatched in the observational record stretching back to the early twentieth century. This […]

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June 2017, new Nature article: ‘Strong constraints on aerosol–cloud interactions from volcanic eruptions’

Recent research on aerosol-cloud interactions from volcanic eruptions will reduce uncertainty in climate model projections. An international team of climate scientists, including SMURPHS partners Reading and Leeds, studied the effects that the 2014-15 eruption at Holuhraun in Iceland had on cloud formations in the surrounding region, using this prolonged event to study how tiny aerosol particles […]

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May 2017: SMURPHS Project-wide research meeting held at NOC

In May 2017 we held the second, annual, project-wide research meeting. This two-day gathering of SMURPHS teams was held at the National Oceanography Centre in Southampton and was attended by researchers from all 9 partner institutions. The event was kicked-off with a keynote presentation by SMURPHS Adviser Professor Matthew England, Deputy Director of Climate Change […]

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April 2017: Richard Allan publishes comment on warming slowdown in Nature Climate Change

Global surface warming was slower than expected in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Might this have been due to ocean or atmosphere fluctuations as research suggests, or was it in fact due to something more subtle? In his ‘News and Views’ article in Nature Climate Change Principal Investigator (Reading), Richard Allan comments that, ‘ the […]

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